Villa Højgaard is inspired by Swedish neoclassicism, and the architect Kay Fisker (1893-1965) mixed one of the neoclassical style’s trends, the English cottage style, with Nordic building tradition and materials.
The building points towards the Danish Better Construction movement in the late 1920s, and thus the country house has historical significance as a spearhead for a new architectural style.
A Country House with British Inspiration
The country house Villa Højgaard was built as a summer residence for bicycle pump manufacturer J.W. Friis in 1917 and became a listed property in 1988. The style of the building reflects the inspiration from the British Arts & Crafts movement and is one of the few single-family houses which Fisker designed. It is one of his main works in which he really displayed his sense of style and worth as an architect.
The first country house to be built in Denmark was probably Lundehave in Elsinore. It was erected in 1588 by King Frederik II and had features found in contemporary Italian Renaissance villas. The building still exists today under the name of Marienlyst Castle, a remodelled version from 1759-63 of the old house. As an institution, the country house has undergone many forms over time.
Kay Fisker primarily designed large, residential buildings such as multistorey buildings or terraced houses as well as public buildings within the health care system. But he also had a talent for designing single-family houses like Villa Højgaard.
The country house in Snekkersten consists of 251 square metres and is overlooking the Sound between Denmark and Sweden from the top floor. The details in Villa Højgaard are numerous - right down to the door handles - and the interior is meticulously drawn. At the time of its construction, it was common to give each room its own individual colours and traits.
Villa Højgaard has been restored to its former glory. At the time of the villa’s construction, the walls were painted in individual colours schemes like today, each room with its own distinctive colour.
In connection with the restoration, the villa has been energy-optimised to the greatest possible extent, and surface treatment and treatment of individual details have been carried out. All technical installations have been renewed, taking into account the high conservation value of the house.
The Last Great Father Figure in Danish Architecture
Kay Fisker’s buildings still emanate his great talent and love for his profession and tell the story of Danish architecture from the 1930s to the 1970s. Fisker remains monumental in Danish architecture, for his practice, teaching, network of the world’s leading architects and his charismatic personality made him the last great father figure in Danish architecture.
The country house as an institution dates far back in history. From the Roman villas far from the bustling city life to the noble country houses of the Renaissance and the 18th century's return to the ideals of Antiquity. In the 19th century, the Arts & Crafts movement emerged in the United Kingdom, and it was this architectural trend that inspired Kay Fisker in the design of Villa Højgaard.
The house was originally built as a summer residence, and this meant, among other things, that no heating sources were set up in the individual rooms. The calorifier stove handled the heating in the central room of the house, the garden room and the adjoining dining room as well as the room on the floor above. During the restoration, underfloor heating was installed in most of the rooms instead.